Greek Archaic Sculpture

The Archaic Period in Greek Art (600-480 BCE) emerged out of the Geometric and Orientalizing Periods. Thus the patterns and abstract forms of earlier ages were abandoned in favor of more individualized styles. Culturally, growing personal and state wealth - and a concomitant rise in civic pride - led to the commissioning of grand temples with sculptural programs as well as individual dedications (including metalwork, sculptures, ivories, and textiles) becoming more common in sanctuaries and cemeteries. New explorations of anatomy led to an increased mastery of the human form; an evolution that would peak in the High Classical period. Subject matter was expanded throughout the Archaic period with a clear interest in mythology, lore and legend.


The Rampin Master (attributed to)
(Greek, active 6th century BCE)
550 BCE
Grave stele fragment from the Dipylon Cemetery
Plaster cast from pentelic marble original National Archaeological Museum (no. 38), Athens
13 1/2 x 17 1/2 x 5 inches (34.3 x 44.5 x 12.7 cm)
Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art


Euthydikos' Kore (maiden)
ca. 490 BCE
Plaster cast from marble original
Acropolis Museum, Athens
27 ½ x 15 x 10 ½ inches (70 x 38 x 26.5 cm) (including base)
Gift of the First Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities - Acropolis Museum, Athens

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Head of Athena, ca. 510 BCE
From the West Pediment, Old Athena Temple, Acropolis
Plaster cast from marble original
Acropolis Museum, Athens
18 1/2 x 9 x 9 1/2 inches (47 x 22.9 x 24.1 cm)
Lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art

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Athena and Theseus
ca. 480 BCE
Metope from the Athenian Treasury at Delphi
Plaster cast from Parian marble original
Archaeological Museum (inv. 1496), Delphi
27 1/2 x 24 1/2 x 6 inches (69.9 x 62.2 x 15.2 cm)
Gift of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006

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The Plaster Cast Collection

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