Quoting Caveats

  • Choose direct quotations sparingly, emphasizing statements that support your argument by driving the point home.

  • Be careful to copy direct quotes verbatim. If you must change the length, indicate omitted text with ellipses (. . .) and place added phrases within brackets [ ].

  • A direct quote must be enclosed in quotation marks; the person's name must be mentioned in front of, after, or inside of the quote; and a citation to the source document, including the specific page number used, must directly follow the quote.

  • An especially long quote should be written according to the same rules as shorter quotes, except instead of setting the passage off with quotation marks, set it off by indenting and spacing it according to the citation style guide you are asked to use.

  • After quoting, explain how the statement is signifcant to your argument.

  • If you are quoting a quotation cited within a secondary source, and do not have access to the original document, introduce the quotation with the following, or a similar, phrase: "as quoted in ..." And by all means, do not cite a source that you have not directly consulted.


As quoted in Stevens, Bridget Obragon declared, "it is better to toil for the betterment of womankind than to sleep in the lap of luxury, and wake to a world that is no longer livable"(126). Well-to-do women, generally less motivated to effect change, were called upon to wield their influence toward the goal of women's suffrage.

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