Summer 14 course descriptions

Click on the subject below to read descriptions for courses offered in Summer 2014

Accounting Art History Biology Business Chemistry
Communication  Economics  English Finance Film
French  History Italian Mathematics  Management 
Marketing  Music Operations Management  Philosophy Physics
Politics  Psychology  Religious Studies Sociology Spanish
Studio Art         


AC 203: Intermediate Accounting I
This course provides an in-depth study of financial accounting theory and concepts, and the presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The course emphasizes balance sheet valuations and their relationship to income measurement and determination. (Prerequisite: AC 11) Three credits.

AC 204: Intermediate Accounting II
This course continues the in-depth study of financial accounting theory and concepts, and the presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) begun in AC 203. In addition to balance sheet valuation and income measurement issues, the course includes special topics such as earnings per share, accounting for income taxes, leases, and cash flows. (Prerequisite: C or better in AC 203) Three credits.

Art History:

AH 11:
Visual Culture Since 1400: Expression and Experimentation (H)
This course explores the ways in which people use images to record their world. From the development of linear perspective in the early Renaissance to the assimilation of advances in optical sciences in the baroque period and the incorporation of photography in the 19th century, art has responded to technological advances and created distinct and expressive visual cultures. By exploring painting, sculpture, the graphic arts, and architecture, students learn to analyze how the contemporary world is designed and defined by a visual heritage that incorporates historical images into film, television, and advertising. One class takes place at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. Three credits.

AH 12 : Introduction to the Art History of Asia, Africa, and the Americas (H)
This introductory lecture course examines artworks and architecture from each continent to understand the respective traditions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas, emphasizing a selection of examples within a chronological sequence. It studies material culture from each of the three areas using different art historical approaches. India, China, and Japan form the basis for the study of Asia. Cultures designated by their geographical locations provide a frame of study for African Art. Pre-Columbian, Northwest coast, and Native American visual arts represent the Americas. The course emphasizes art collections in New Haven and New York City, and one bus trip during the semester affords students a first-hand experience studying original works of art. This course meets the world diversity requirement. Three credits.

AH 15: History of Architecture (H)
This introductory course surveys the major periods and key monuments in the history of architecture - largely in the West - from antiquity to the present. Topics include Greek and Roman temples and civic architecture; Medieval mosques and cathedrals; Renaissance and Baroque cities and their monuments; Early Modern factories and gardens; Machine Age museums and houses; and contemporary architectural developments of all sorts. Students will work with actual buildings in writing assignments, and learn the skills necessary to critique and interpret the built environment of the past and present in the United States and beyond. Three credits.

AH 130: Early Renaissance Art in Italy (H)
Beyond the introductory survey of the major masters and monuments of the early Italian Renaissance, this course offers an in-depth study of several paradigm projects created between 1300 and 1500. With a diverse tool box of practical and art historical methods, we focus on selected artistic initiatives spanning some major monuments and lesser known, but equally intriguing contributions by second-tier artists. Our task is to study key works of Duccio, Giotto, Lorenzetti, Brunelleschi, Alberti, Ghiberti, Donatello, Masaccio, Fra Angelico, Uccello, Castagno, Piero, Ghirlandaio, Botticelli, Mantegna, Giovanni Bellini, Perugino, Leonardo, and juvenile works by Raphael and Michelangelo. Three credits. 

AH 164: American Art: Civil War to Civil Rights (H)
This course examines the arts and architecture of the early republic introduced in AH 163, expanding into the major movements and masters of American art from the Civil War to the present. In tracing the themes and artistic statements of American artists the course takes special notice of unifying national myths such as the Founding Fathers, Manifest Destiny, America as the new Eden, the frontier from the Rockies to the lunar surface, heroes from Davy Crockett to Superman, and America as utopia. Through the masterpieces of Church, Cole, Homer, Eakins, Sloan, Hopper, Pollock, Rothko, Wyeth, Warhol, and the Downtown art scene, the course answers the question: What is uniquely American about American art? Three credits. 

AH 295: Museum/Gallery Curating
This course explores the role of the museum and gal­lery curator as well as the curator’s responsibilities to the object, the museum, and collectors; and federal and corporate funding. The course includes field trips. Three credits. 


BI 18:
Human Biology: Form and Function
This course, which provides a basic introduction to human anatomy and physiology, examines the major organ systems of the body, focusing on how each system functions and how all systems interact with one another. Genetics, disease and prevention, nutrition, current issues in public health, and environmental health problems that human populations face are discussed. Note: This course counts as a science core course but does not satisfy requirements for the biology major or minor. Three lectures. Three credits. 

BI 71: Identity and the Human Genome
This course introduces scientific and social aspects of human genetics to the non-science major. Topics of discussion include the structure and function of genes, human genetic diversity, Mendelian inheritance, and the ethical and legal issues related to emerging genetic technologies. Note: This course counts as a science core but does not satisfy requirements for the biology major or minor. Three lectures. Three credits.

BI 75: Ecology and Society
This course focuses on environmental issues raised by modern society's conflicting needs for land, water, a livable environment, and renewable/nonrenewable resources. Students examine the available scientific evidence and are encouraged to draw their own conclusions concerning these environmentally sensitive issues, which are presented in lectures, readings, films, and occasional, off-campus field trips (by arrangement). This course is open to all except biology majors. Note: This course serves as a natural science elective in the Program on the Environment. This course counts as a science core course but does not satisfy requirements for the biology major or minor. Three lectures. Three credits. 

BI 76: Environmental Science
The science of the environment is presented through examination of the interconnections among physical, chemical, and biological fields of inquiry. This course looks at how the global environment is altered by the human population, technology, and production of fuels and food. In this course, students will acquire a scientific understanding of current issues in environmental science and learn to evaluate claims about current environmental problems. Note: This course serves as a natural science elective in the Program on the Environment. This course counts as a science core course but does not satisfy requirements for the biology or chemistry major or minor. Three lectures. Three credits. 

BI 78: Introduction to Marine Science
This course introduces the non-science major and the marine science minor to the field of oceanography. Topics dealing with the geological, physical, chemical, and biological aspects of science underscore the interdisciplinary nature of world ocean study. Note: This course serves as a natural science elective in the Program on the Environment. This course counts as a science core course but does not satisfy requirements for the biology major or minor. Three lectures. Three credits. 

BI 107/108: Human Anatomy and Physiology
This course is required for nursing majors as a pre-requisite for most nursing courses. A strong chemistry background is recommended. Homeostasis is the major theme of the course with form and function covered together each semester.  BI 107 introduces the student to anatomical terminology, homeostasis and feedback control, membrane physiology, and tissues followed by the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems.  BI 108 continues with the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, digestive and reproductive systems. Laboratory work closely follows the lecture and includes microscopic anatomy (histology), use of anatomical models, Human skeletons and dissections for study of gross anatomy, and physiology experiments including muscle recruitment measurements, cranial nerve tests, blood pressure measurements, blood typing, etc. Note: This course is not open to biology majors except where required for allied health sciences (chair approval required). Three lectures, one lab. Four credits each semester.  


BU 211:
Legal Environment of Business
This course examines the broad philosophical as well as practical nature and function of the legal system, and introduces students to the legal and social responsibilities of business. The course includes an introduction to the legal system, the federal courts, Constitutional law, the United States Supreme Court, the civil process, and regulatory areas such as employment discrimination, protection of the environment, and corporate governance and securities markets. (Prerequisite: junior standing) Three credits. 


CH 111-112:
General Chemistry I and II
This two-semester, sequential course covers atomic and molecular weights, the mole concept, Avogadro’s number, stoichiometry, energy relationships in chemical systems, the properties of gases, the electronic structures of atoms, periodic relationships among the elements, chemical bonding, geometrics of molecules, molecular orbitals, liquids, solids, intermolecular forces, solutions, rates of chemical reactions, chemical equilibrium, free energy, entropy, acids and bases, aqueous equilibria, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, chemistry of some metals and nonmetals, and chemistry of coordination compounds. (Co-requisite: CH 111-112 Lab) Three credits per semester. 

CH 111-112L: General Chemistry I and II Labs
This lab offers the opportunity to explore and experience the rigors of an experimental physical science. Students make and record observations on simple chemical systems while learning fundamental laboratory manipulative and measurement skills. Experiments demonstrate and supplement concepts introduced in lecture. The first semester emphasizes weighing, filtering, titrating, using volumetric glassware, observing data, and recording and synthetic techniques. The second semester integrates these techniques in experimental procedures and explores physical properties and quantitative analysis of selected chemical systems. One credit per semester. (Co-requisite: CH 111-112 Lecture). 

CO 100: Human Communication Theories
This course introduces major theoretical perspectives that inform communication scholarship. This foundational course for the major emphasizes understanding human communication as a symbolic process that creates, maintains, and alters personal, social, and cultural identities. Students critique research literature in the communication field in this course, which is a prerequisite for the 200- and 300-level communication courses. This course counts in the social and behavioral sciences core curriculum for non-majors. All CO majors must fulfill their social science core requirements outside of the major. Three credits.

CO 200: Interpersonal Communication Theories
An examination of one-to-one relationships from a variety of theoretical perspectives, this course focuses on the centrality of communication in building familial bonds, friendships, and work teams. Students examine factors influencing interpersonal communication such as language, perception, nonverbal behavior, power, status, and gender roles. (Prerequisite: CO 100) Three credits. 

CO 220: Introduction to Organizational Communication
Taking a historical and communication-centered approach to understanding how business and professional organizations function, this course addresses the analysis of upward, downward, and lateral communication; communication channels and networks; power and critical theory; organizations as cultures; internal and external public communication; and leadership. The course uses a case study approach. (Prerequisite: CO 200) Three credits. 

CO 240: Intercultural Communication
This course deals with challenges to communication between people of different cultural backgrounds, emphasizing the ways communication practices reveal cultural values and the role of communication in creating and sustaining cultural identities. Students discuss how differences in value orientation, perception, thought patterns, and nonverbal behavior cause misunderstanding, tension, and conflict in business, education, and healthcare settings. This course meets the U.S. diversity requirement (registration preference given to Communication and International Studies majors). (Prerequisite: CO 100 or IL 50 or instructor approval) Three credits.

CO 246: Family Communication
In this course students come to understand how families are constituted through symbolic processes and interaction; explore the verbal and non-verbal communication behaviors that are developed and preferred in different kinds of families; learn various theories for understanding family interactions at the individual, dyadic, group, and systems levels; analyze family communication patterns using established theories and methods; connect family dynamics to social trends and processes including the roles of the mass media and popular culture; and explore ways culture, class, gender, and sexuality affect and are affected by family structures, roles, and communication patterns. (Prerequisite: CO 200 or instructor approval) Three credits. 

CO 398: Internship
Communication internships provide students with first-hand knowledge about the field of work, allow them to experience new professional activities and relationships, help them apply conceptual knowledge and skills in communication in the work environment, and allow them to experience the problems and successes of efficiently and effectively communicating within a complex organization. One three-credit internship course can be used toward the major. Students may take an internship twice for credit, one to three credits per semester. (Prerequisites: 2.8 overall GPA and junior or senior status) One to three credits per semester; six-credit limit. 


EC 11:
Introduction to Microeconomics
This course analyzes the behavior of individual consumers and producers as they deal with the economic problem of allocating scarce resources. The course examines how markets function to establish prices and quantities through supply and demand, how resource costs influence firm supply, and how variations in competition levels affect economic efficiency. Topics may include antitrust policy, the distribution of income, the role of government, and environmental problems. The course includes computer applications. Three credits.

EC 12: Introduction to Macroeconomics
This course develops models of the aggregate economy to determine the level of output, income, prices, and unemployment in an economy. In recognition of the growing importance of global economic activity, these models incorporate the international sector. The course examines and evaluates the role of public economic policy, including fiscal and monetary policy. Topics may include growth theory and price stability. The course includes computer applications. (Prerequisite: EC 11 or permission of the instructor) Three credits.

EC 112: Economic Aspects of Current Social Problems
This course uses a policy-oriented approach to study contemporary economic issues. Topics include government spending, the role of federal budgets in solving national problems, poverty, welfare, social security, population, the limits to growth controversy, pollution, energy, and regulation. Three credits. 

EC 210: Money and Banking
This course covers the commercial banking industry, the money market, Federal Reserve operations and policy making, and monetary theory. (Prerequisite: EC 12) Three credits. 

EC 278: Statistics
This course introduces students to descriptive statistics, probability theory, discrete and continuous probability distributions, sampling methods, sampling distributions, interval estimation, and hypothesis testing. A weekly lab provides opportunities for active exploration and application of course concepts. (Prerequisites: EC 11, EC 12) Four credits. 


EN 11:
Texts and Contexts I: Writing As Craft and Inquiry
This course engages students in the academic life by introducing them to the many kinds of reading and writing they will do across the curriculum and beyond. Students learn to draft, revise, and edit their own texts and respond effectively to the texts of their peers. EN 11 offers practice with writing & reading assignments that call on different contexts (purposes, audiences, forms or modes). Through the careful use of primary and secondary sources, students will foster their academic curiosities, practice reflection, and read deeply to join the conversation of ideas. Designated sections may have specific themes and/or meet the U.S. or world diversity requirement. Three credits.

EN 12: Texts and Contexts II: Writing About Literature
English 12 builds on the reading, writing, and critical inquiry work of English 11, focusing on the development of increasingly sophisticated reading, writing, researching and inquiry skills through the exploration of literary texts and their contexts. Students will practice close reading techniques, be introduced to key terms and concepts in literary study, and practice writing in a variety of academic and creative genres. The course is intended to foster greater appreciation for the power of literature and literary study as a foundation to all the liberal arts. (Prerequisite: EN 11 or its equivalent). Designated sections may meet the U.S. or world diversity requirement. Three credits.

EN 101: Introduction to Literary and Cultural Studies
This course allows students to develop ways of reading, analyzing, and interacting with texts in English from around the globe. You will focus on such questions as: How are literary texts produced? How do local, national, and global cultures and events affect the way authors’ fashion their texts? Do literary works produced in different cultures at the same time "speak to each other" across time and space? The course will be run as a combination of lecture and small group discussion and will make use of web-based background materials to provide context and depth to the readings. This course meets the world diversity requirement. Three credits. (B)

EN 110: Major Works of European Literature
This course surveys major works of world literature from ancient times to the present. Because the works are chosen from a broad span of cultures and periods, the course focuses on the function of literature: What kinds of stories do people tell about their societies? What are their major concerns, and how are these represented in fiction? How can we compare stories from one culture or period with those from another? The course discusses genre and style as well as content. Texts may include the Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as works by Boccaccio, Marguerite de Navarre, Madame de Lafayette, and Gabriel García Márquez. Formerly EN 265. Three credits. (A)

EN 111: International Short Fiction
This course examines works of short fiction from around the world written during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The degree to which - and the specific manners in which - these works contribute to a characteristically modern sense of human existence and the function of narrative art forms the basis for reading selections. Through textual analysis, students compare and contrast various versions of the modern experience as produced by authors such as Gogol, Melville, Mansfield, Joyce, Lawrence, Cather, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Kafka, Hemingway, Lessing, Borges, Barth, Böll, Mishima, Achebe, Erdrich, and Atwood. Formerly EN 285. Three credits. (B)

EN 141: Imagining Shakespeare
Shakespeare is considered the greatest writer in the English language. This course will investigate how his genius is expressed in comedy, history, tragedy, and romance. We will study how each kind of play influences the others in every part of Shakespeare's career. Plays include The Taming of the Shrew, Richard III, A Midsummer Night's Dream, Henry IV, Twelfth Night, Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, The Winter's Tale, and The Tempest. We will take a multimedia approach by analyzing performances as well as text. The history of Shakespeare's era and of his critics will be studied as well. Formerly EN 255. Three credits. (A)

EN 162: Irish Women Writers
A study of women writers both Anglo and Gaelic, from 19th-century fiction to 20th-century poetry. The course focuses on the cross-cultural differences between these two groups, one privileged, the other marginalized, and perhaps who share only a common language. Besides women's issues - education, emigration, marriage, motherhood, and equality - the themes include the Big House, colonization, the Literary Revival, folklore, theology, the tradition of the storyteller, and the roles of religion and politics in the society. Among the authors to be explored are Maria Edgeworth, Lady Morgan, Somerville and Ross, Elizabeth Bowen, Lady Gregory, Marina Carr, Peig Sayers, Mary Lavin, Edna O'Brien, Eilis Ni Dhuibhne, Eavan Boland, Nula Ni Dhomhnaill, and Medbh McGuckian. Formerly EN 278. Three credits. (B)

EN 170:
Writing the Self: Autobiography
Autobiography holds a special place in its presentation of the writer’s self, enlisting the reader’s belief in the author’s “confession” while crossing the line between fictional work and truth. This course examines autobi­ography and related genres, including memoir, diaries, and personal essays and considers their purpose: what do these authors reveal about themselves, and why? How much is convention, how much is truth? What impact do race, gender, class, nationhood, and ethnicity have on the construction of identity? Writers may include Franklin, Shepard, Douglass, Barnum, Johnson, Winnemucca, Zitkala-Sa, Malcolm X, Wright, Baldwin, Stein, Walker, and Cisneros. This course meets the U.S. diversity requirement. Formerly EN 362. Three credits. (B)

ENW 200: Creative Writing
This course fosters creativity and critical acumen through extensive exercises in the composition of poetry and fiction. Three credits.

ENW 336: Issues in Professional Writing
This course investigates a variety of issues relevant to contemporary professional writing. In addition to surveying theoretical positions in the discipline, the course emphasizes preparing effective written products for academic and professional settings. In-class writing activities, workshops, and lengthier projects prepare students to think critically in this dynamic and ever-changing profession while familiarizing them with the writing styles, organizations, and formats of various documents. Topics include writing for public relations, international technical writing, and technical and professional editing. This course is suitable for advanced undergraduate students preparing for writing-intensive careers or graduate school. Students may take this course twice under different subtitles. Three credits. 


FI 190:
Personal Finance
This course for non-majors covers financial decision-making from a personal standpoint. The course examines investments including stocks, bonds, housing purchases, and mutual funds with an emphasis on the elementary financial principles of risk and return. Other topics include life, health, and other insurance needs, and pension and estate planning. Three credits. 


FTM 105:
American Films: Decades (H)
This course examines the use of film form (e.g., cinematography, editing, sound design) in American movies made during a given 10-year period, as well as the social, cultural, historical and ideological contexts of the era in which they were made.  Each iteration of the course is organized around particular themes relevant to the decade under discussion (e.g., “1970s - Rebels with Causes”).  It satisfies an elective for FTM majors, a history/analysis requirement for minors, and a history requirement for VPA core.  Three credits; may be taken twice.  (Previously FM 102 - American Film: Decades.)


FR 110-111:
Elementary French
Designed for students with no prior experience with French or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence teaches the essentials of pronunciation, structure, and usage, allowing students to acquire the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language cultures are explored through a variety of media. Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester. 

FR 210-211: Intermediate French
Designed for students who have completed FR 110-FR 111 or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence prepares students to continue the study of language on a more advanced level, and includes review of essential points of grammar, vocabulary building, and regular practice in speaking and writing. The language cultures are explored through a wide variety of materials (literary texts, press articles, films, etc.) Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester.


HI 10:
Origins of the Modern World Since 1500 (formerly HI 30 Europe and the World in Transition)
The course, which examines the history of Europe and its relationship to the world from the end of the Middle Ages through the 19th century, emphasizes the cultural, social, economic, and political forces and structures that led to the development of commercial and industrial capitalism, and the effects of this development on Europe, the New World, Asia, and Africa. Topics include the Renaissance and Reformation; the Transatlantic Slave Trade; European expansion and colonialism; the development of strong nation states; the Enlightenment; the Industrial Revolution and conflicting ideological and political responses; changing social, family, and gender relationships; and the increasing interaction of Europeans and non-Europeans. Critical analysis of primary and secondary sources develops skills in historical methodology that are of great value in many other academic pursuits. Written assignments and class discussions enhance these skills. (Not open to students who have completed HI 30) Three credits. 

HI 239: Twentieth-century United States
The course surveys developments in American social, political, and economic life since 1900. Major themes include problems of advanced industrial society, the growing government role in the economy, America's growing role in the world, and social movements of the 1930s and 1960s. Ethnic and cultural diversity within American society receive attention. The course meets the U.S. diversity requirement. (Prerequisite: HI 10 or 30) Three credits. 

HI 246: Women and Gender in U.S. History
This course surveys American women's history from the colonial era to the present, exploring the impact as well as the interdependence of gender, race, and class on experience. Although the term social history describes the course approach, it uses biography to illuminate key issues and enrich student perspectives. Through careful examination of primary and secondary sources, the course pursues two themes: the interplay of gender constructs through the myths and realities of women's lives, and the crucial role women played in transforming public and private space. The course views women as agents whose testimony and actions are vital to understanding our history. Formerly listed as HI 142. This course meets the U.S. diversity requirement. (Prerequisite: HI 10 or HI 30) Three credits. 


IT 110-111:
Elementary Italian
Designed for students with no prior experience with Italian or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence teaches the essentials of pronunciation, structure, and usage, allowing students to acquire the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language cultures are explored through a variety of media. Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester. 

IT 210-211: Intermediate Italian
Designed for students who have completed IT 110-IT 111 or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence prepares students to continue the study of language on a more advanced level, and includes review of essential points of grammar, vocabulary building, and regular practice in speaking and writing. The language cultures are explored through a wide variety of materials (literary texts, press articles, films, etc.) Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester.


MA 11:
Topics in this course include: algebra; linear, rational, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions from a descriptive, algebraic, numerical and graphical point of view; limits and continuity. Primary emphasis is on techniques needed for calculus. This course does not count toward the mathematics core require­ment, and is meant to be taken only by students who are required to take MA 119, MA 145 or MA 171 for their majors, but who do not have a strong enough math background. Three credits. 

MA 17: Introduction to Probability and Statistics
This introduction to the theory of statistics includes measures of central tendency, variance, Chebyshev's theorem, probability theory, binomial distribution, normal distribution, the central limit theorem, and estimating population means for large samples. Students who have received credit for any mathematics course at the 100-level or higher may not take this course for credit without the permission of the department chair. Three credits.

MA 19: Introduction to Calculus
This course introduces differentiation and integration, and shows how these ideas are related. The course illustrates how important and interesting applied ques­tions, when expressed in the language of mathematical functions, turn out to be questions about derivatives and integrals and, thus, can be solved using calculus. The course presents the basic concepts numerically, algebraically, and geometrically, using graphing calcu­lators to illustrate many of the underlying geometrical ideas. MA 19 is a terminal core course, and is not a prerequisite for any other course. Please note also that MA 19 has no prerequisite and, in particular, that MA 11: Precalculus is not an appropriate course to take before taking MA 19. Three credits.

MA 119: Applied Calculus I
Topics in this course include: foundations of the calculus; differentiation of algebraic, exponential and logarithmic functions; extrema and curve sketching; applications of derivatives; antiderivatives; the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus; and integration of algebraic functions.  A graphing calculator and Wolfram Alpha are among the technologies that may be used. Students who received credit for MA 19, MA 145 or MA 171 may not take MA 119 for credit. (Prerequisite: Precalculus) Three credits. 

MA 120: Applied Calculus II
Topics in this course include: applications of the derivative, including implicit differentiation, related rates and linear approximation; integration of algebraic, transcendental and trigonometric functions; differentiation of trigonometric functions; techniques of integration; applications of the definite integral; infinite series.  A graphing calculator and Wolfram Alpha are among the technologies that may be used. Students who receive credit for any one of MA 120, MA 146 or MA 172 may not receive credit for either of the other two. (Prerequisite: MA 119 or equivalent) Three credits.

MA 217: Accelerated Statistics
This introductory, calculus-based statistics course focuses on applications in business, statistics, and everyday events. Topics include descriptive statistics including mean, median, mode, standard deviation, histograms, distributions, box plots, and scatter plots; probability theory including counting rules, random variables, probability distributions, expected values, binomial and normal distributions, and the central limit theorem; inferential statistics including point estimates, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing; and regression theory. Students learn to analyze data with the aid of common software packages. Mathematics majors may not take this course as a mathematics elective. Students who have received credit for one of MA 217 and 352 may not take the other for credit. This is a typical course for students earning a minor in mathematics.(Prerequisite: MA 119 or MA 145 or MA 171 or equivalent) Three credits. 


MG 101:
Introduction to Management in Organizations
This course integrates, through theory and its application, the various topics, concepts, and modalities that make up the Management discipline. Its purpose is twofold: 1) to provide all business students with a strong grounding in how individuals and organizations function to support the strategic goals of business, and 2) to provide a foundation for further study by management majors and minors. The course introduces students to team/group work; the relationship of business to local, national, and global communities; the ethical implications of business decisions and models; organizational behavior; human resource management; leadership and organizational culture. (Prerequisite: sophomore standing) Three credits. 


MK 101:
Principles of Marketing
This course introduces the fundamental concepts and theories that drive day-to-day marketing decisions. A thorough understanding of the marketplace (consumer or business-to-business) is at the heart of such decision making. In this course, students will learn to identify and satisfy customer’s wants and needs. The core tools that enable managers to move from decision-making to action are addressed, namely: product development, pricing, channel management and structure, and promotions (including advertising and sales). Additional topics include global marketing, societal and marketing ethics, and digital marketing. Students are required to work in a team to construct a marketplace analysis for a chosen product/service. (Prerequisite: sophomore standing) Three credits. 

MK 212: Consumer Behavior
This course provides students with an understanding of the behavior of consumers in the marketplace, using an interdisciplinary approach that employs concepts from such fields as economics, psychology, social psychology, sociology, and psychoanalysis. Topics include motivation, perception, attitudes, consumer search, and post-transactional behavior. (Prerequisites: MK 101, junior or senior standing) Three credits. 


MU 102:
The History and Development of Rock (H)
This course surveys the musical and social trends that resulted in the emergence of rock and roll as an important musical and cultural force in America. The course traces the roots of rock, blues, and country styles, showing how they merged with popular music. Students examine periods from the 1950s to the present, along with Elvis Presley, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, the Beatles, the British invasion, folk music, Bob Dylan, jazz and art rock, Jimi Hendrix, the west coast movement, and the music industry. Students learn to understand, discuss, and differentiate between stylistic periods and their historical relevance to American culture. Three credits. 

Operations Management:

OM 101:
Operations Management
This course provides the primary exposure to service and manufacturing operations management within the business core curriculum. Topics include process modeling, quality management and control, decision analysis, capacity planning, supply chain management, and project planning and control. Special attention is given to showing how concepts and models presented in lectures and readings apply to real-world business situations. Examples of international operations are studied, and ethical issues are explored within the context of decisions such as where to locate facilities. (Prerequisites: sophomore standing and one statistics course) Three credits.


PH 101:
Introduction to Philosophy
This course is a topical introduction to philosophy. The aim of the course is to introduce students to the vocation of wonder and questioning by engaging students in discussions about some of the basic questions of philosophy.  Students will read texts from historical and contemporary writers, and will be asked to develop their own skills of thinking, reading, and writing critically.  Note: Students with credit for PH 10 may not receive credit for PH 101.  Three Credits. 


PS 15:
General Physics I
This introductory course - for students concentrating in physics, mathematics, chemistry, or engineering - covers mechanics, heat, and fluid dynamics. It also includes rigorous mathematical derivations using integral and differential calculus. Topics include velocity and acceleration, Newton's laws of motion, work, energy, power momentum, torque, vibratory motion, elastic properties of solids, fluids at rest and in motion, properties of gases, measurement and transfer of heat, and elementary thermodynamics. Three credits. 

PS 15L: Lab for General Physics I
This lab course engages students in experimental measurements spanning the areas of mechanics and thermal stresses on matter, with the objective of training students in experimental measurements, data manipulation and analysis, error analysis, deductive thinking, and instrumentation, providing depth to students' understanding of the phenomena taught in PS 15. Specific experimental measurements include accelerated motion, periodic motion, gravitational force, ballistics, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational dynamics, and measurements of the coefficient of linear expansion and the heat of fusion. Students complete a weekly lab report. One credit.

PS 16: General Physics II
This continuation of PS 15 covers electricity and magnetism, light and optics, and sound. Topics include magnetism and electricity; simple electric circuits; electrical instruments; generators and motors; characteristics of wave motion; light and illumination; reflection; refraction, interference; polarization of light, color, and the spectrum; and production and detection of sound waves. Three credits. 

PS 16L: General Physics II Lab
This laboratory provides students with a greater understanding of electromagnetic phenomena, wave phenomena, and optics, and supports PS 16. Measurements of microscopic quantities, like the charge and mass of the electron, give students an opportunity to explore the structure of matter. Other experiments involve the physics of electrical currents, electric properties of bulk matter, magnetic fields and their effect on beams, wave phenomena, and the nature of light and its interaction with optical materials. This course trains students in experimental measurements, data manipulation and analysis, error analysis, deductive thinking, and instrumentation. Students complete a weekly lab report. One credit.

PS 78: The Nature of the Universe
This course, intended for non-science majors, reviews the scientific field of cosmology, or the nature of the physical universe, from a historical perspective. Beginning with the ancients, the course traces the development of cosmological principles through the Greek and Egyptian era of Aristotle, C. Ptolemy, and others; the 16th and 17th centuries of Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton; and the cosmology of the 20th century based upon Einstein's theories of relativity coupled with several fundamental observations. This leads to an examination of the current model of the universe, which is based upon the Big Bang theory. Three credits. 

PS 87: Fundamentals of Astronomy
This course introduces students who are not majoring in science to the principal areas, traditional and contemporary, of astronomy. Traditional topics include a historical background to astronomy, telescopes, the sun, the moon, the major and minor planets, comets, and meteors. After discussing these subjects in detail, the course covers areas appropriate to modern astronomy such as the composition and evolution of stars, star clusters, quasars, pulsars, black holes, and cosmological models. Three credits. 


PO 167:
Media and Politics
This course examines the impact of the media on the American political system and, conversely, how government attempts to influence the media for its purposes, and implications of the electronic media for a democratic and informed society. The course pays close attention to the media's impact on national elections and analyzes the media as an agent of political socialization. Three credits.


PY 101:
General Psychology
This course introduces the science of mental processes and behavior by addressing a range of questions including: How is brain activity related to thought and behavior? What does it mean to learn and remember something? How do we see, hear, taste, and smell? How do we influence one another's attitudes and actions? What are the primary factors that shape a child's mental and emotional development? How and why do we differ from one another? What are the origins and most effective treatments of mental illness? Three credits. 

Religious Studies:

RS 101:
Exploring Religion
This course invites students to explore the religious dimensions of human experience, emphasizing the themes of scripture, community and practice.  In a critical appraisal of one or more of the great religious traditions of the world, students will analyze sacred texts in context, discover how social patterns shape religious communities, and survey a wide variety of religious devotions and practices, both personal and communal.

Students in this course will learn to investigate the religious lives, beliefs, experiences and values of others, in their scope and diversity, respecting both the differences from, and the similarities to, their own.  While several sections of RS 101 will offer a variety of lenses for such a critical understanding, all sections will inquire about the relationship between religion and culture, employing the tools of the humanities and the social sciences. Section subtitles and descriptions follow. Three credits.

  • Asian Religions. This section examines the basic religious systems of India and China, including their fundamental differences, performative functions, and worldviews. The course evaluates Euro-American theories of religion in light of Asian religious expressions. This section of RS 101 meets the world diversity requirement.
  • Common Questions, Traditional Responses. This section examines the major questions addressed by most world religions, with special emphasis on how they are answered in a specific major tradition. Topics include the nature of the sacred and its relationship to human persons; the problem of evil and innocent suffering; religion's call for social responsibility; and the nature and function of ritual.
  • Peoples of the Book, Sacred Texts and their Communities. This section examines the relationship between sacred text and the historical communities of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Focusing on shared narratives, such as Adam and Eve in the Garden, the course illustrates the different ways that texts are interpreted and the various roles that Scripture plays in these communities.
  • Religion and the Critical Mind. This section examines some of the themes in the study of religion and offers a comparative analysis of the nature, function, and purpose of religion as found in a variety of models of religion. A wide variety of contemporary religious practices will serve as discussion points for scholarly analysis.
  • Religion in a Comparative Key. This section examines different kinds of religious experience, doctrine, and practice through a close examination of two different religious traditions, engaging the traditions as these appear in a variety of cultural contexts. 

RS 221: The Good News of the Gospels
This course examines the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John according to contemporary exegetical and literary methodologies. The course examines and compares the theological positions of early Christianity as represented by each writer and by other early Christian gospels. (Prerequisite:  RS 10 or RS 101) Three credits. 

RS 238: Evil
This course explores the problem of evil from the perspectives of theology and philosophy. The course considers God and evil, classical theodicies (reasonable justifications of God before the prevalence of evil), modern philosophical accounts of evil, social evil, and the possibility of belief in the face of evil. Within the context of these subjects, the course addresses the following questions: What is evil? What are the roots of evil? What effect does one's understanding of evil have on one's understanding of the human being, of God, and of religion? What is our responsibility in the face of evil? (Prerequisite: RS 10 or RS 101) Three credits. 

RS 250: Contemporary Morality: Basic Questions
This course introduces the fundamental concepts in moral theology, drawing on major traditions in contemporary Christian thought. The course examines the moral foundations of conscience, freedom and responsibility, virtue and character, and methods of moral decision-making. To deepen the study of basic questions in Christian morality, the course concludes by examining selected applied issues in contemporary morality. (Prerequisite:  RS 10 or RS 101) Three credits. 

RS 252: Contemporary Moral Problems
This theological examination of contemporary moral problems considers selected ethical issues in contemporary society and leading approaches to moral decision-making. The course investigates moral problems such as euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, the death penalty, violence and just war theory, bioethics, sexual and reproductive ethics, global poverty, environmental ethics, and issues in business and legal ethics. (Prerequisite:  RS 10 or RS 101) Three credits. 


SO 11: Introduction to Sociology
This introduction to sociology provides students with a sense of sociology's orientation; its particular way of looking at human behavior in the context of people's interaction with each other. The course emphasizes the kinds of questions sociology asks, the methods it uses to search for answers, and how it applies the answers to problems of people's everyday lives and issues of social policy. Three credits. 

SO 161: American Class Structure
This course examines the roots and structure of class in the United States and the consequences of this hierarchical arrangement on everyday life. It focuses primarily on social class; however, the dynamics and consequences of social class cannot be fully understood without addressing the complex interconnections between class, race, and gender. This course meets the U.S. diversity requirement. Three credits.

SO 162: Race, Gender, and Ethnic Relations
This course analyses sociological and social psychological dimensions of race relations, ethnic interaction, and the changing role and status of women. It focuses on the American scene but also examines problems of women and minorities in other parts of the world and their importance for world politics. It also considers what sociologists and social psychologists have learned about improving dominant/minority relations. This course meets the U.S. diversity requirement. Three credits. 

SO 279: Criminal Justice System Seminar
This seminar explores in detail the workings and problems of the criminal justice system in the United States. In addition to investigating the sources of criminal behavior, the course focuses on the arraignment process, probation, the trial, sentencing, prison reform, and parole. Three credits. 


SP 110-111:
Elementary Spanish
Designed for students with no prior experience with Spanish or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence teaches the essentials of pronunciation, structure, and usage, allowing students to acquire the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Language cultures are explored through a variety of media. Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester.

SP 210-211: Intermediate Spanish
Designed for students who have completed SP 110- SP 111 or whose placement scores are in the range for this course level. This two-semester sequence prepares students to continue the study of language on a more advanced level, and includes review of essential points of grammar, vocabulary building, and regular practice in speaking and writing. The language cultures are explored through a wide variety of materials (literary texts, press articles, films, etc.). Students attend three classes per week and do mandatory online work determined by the instructor. Three credits per semester.

Studio Art:

SA 131: Photographic and Digital Techniques in Printmaking 
This foundation level course introduces traditional and experimental approaches to printmaking. It encourages development of imagery and technique, and emphasizes context through the medium. Areas explored include photographic transfer methods, digital imaging, mono-prints, silkscreen, and etching. The course is typically offered fall semester. Three credits

SA 139: Watercolor
This course is an introduction to the methods, techniques and language of watercolor. In exploring the fundamentals of watercolor this course helps students develop their abilities to see and explore washes of color in relation to pictorial space and form. Color relationships, value, layering of washes, and wet into wet processes are explored. Three credits.