Copyrighting of Printed Materials

Classroom Use

As an instructor in a non-profit educational setting you can use printed materials in your classroom, directly to students, face-to-face, so long as it fits your curricular objective.

You may not copy entire works, although under fair use you may copy brief portions for instructional purposes.

Course Packs: For educational course packs, contact Design and Digital Print Services for more information.

For more information, please contact Design and Digital Print Services.

Distance Education Applications

To use printed materials in an online course, use the TEACH Act requirements to determine whether or not the materials can be used in digital distance education without having to obtain prior permission from the copyright owner.

It is recommended that if you are sending students to a digital version of a journal article, book chapter or other printed material, you should check with the library to find out if the University subscribes digitally (through an online database) to the material. Linking to articles in this way bypasses the need to obtain copyright permission. For assistance or questions, please contact the Library Reference Desk at ext. 2178 or reference@fairfield.edu.

Course Packs: Concerning educational course packs, contact Design and Digital Print Services for more information.

Classroom Using Technology or Web Enhanced

Print material used in a classroom course but available to students electronically (for example, in WebCT, or over the Internet) must follow the guidelines as set for distance education applications. If students have access to the material outside of the physical classroom then this constitutes a situation parallel to distance learning, with one exception:

When directing students to consult materials as homework (i.e. beyond what constitutes the time allotted for a class session), refer to Library Reserve Use.

Library Reserve Use

When placing reproductions of audio recordings or music on reserve in the library or on electronic reserve, please refer to the Traditional Reserves Policy or the Electronic Reserves Policy.

Fair Use Criteria

Purpose of the Use: Materials must serve only the needs of specified educational programs; they must be placed on reserve only at the specific request of the instructor; students should not be charged specifically to consult the works, and no person or unit at the university should benefit monetarily from the use of the material.

Nature of the Work: Materials must be related directly to the educational objectives of a specific course; only those portions relevant to the objectives of the course may be placed on reserve; and reproductions of highly creative works, like novels, and poetry are not generally appropriate unless they are the main subject of academic study.

Amount of the Work: Reproductions will generally be limited to brief works or brief excerpts from longer works, such as a book chapter, a single article from a journal, or unrelated news articles; the amount of the work placed on reserve must be related directly to the educational objectives of the course.

Effect of the Use on the Market for the Original: Repeat use of the same material by the same instructor for the same course will require permission from the copyright owner; the materials will include a citation to the original source of publication and a form of copyright notice; no material should be included unless it is produced from a lawfully obtained copy; materials on reserve may not include any works that are available for students to purchase-whether as a book, course pack, or other work-in the campus bookstore or other customary outlet.

Course Packs: Concerning educational course packs, contact Design and Digital Print Services for more information.

It is recommended that if you are sending students to a digital version of a journal article, book chapter or other printed material, you should check with the library to find out if the University subscribes digitally (through an online database) to the material. Linking to articles in this way bypasses the need to obtain copyright permission.

For more information about library reserves, contact Elise Bochinski, at ext. 2892, or ebochinski@fairfield.edu.